Came across a very nice feature of MySQL – thought to share it with you. Well actually, it is one of the main reasons why MySQL is succeeding – so not really an obscure nice feature at all!!! In fact, very well known and appreciated by the community…
(MySQL is a GNU Public licensed Database – and FREEly available. You can go for enterprise option and get support too. Recently Sun bought MySQL!!!)
Anyway, coming back to the point – it has a concept of a Pluggable Storages Engine. So when you write the DDL for creating the table, you specify which engine should be used to store the table – like so:
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS MY_FUNKLY_TABLE ( MY_FUNKY_ID CHAR(4) NOT NULL, FUNKY_DESCRIPTION VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL, IS_IT_REALLY_FUNKY ENUM(‘Y’, ‘N’) DEFAULT ‘Y’,
PRIMARY KEY (MY_FUNKY_ID) ) ENGINE=InnoDB CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_bin ;
So what’s the deal? Well you can specify whether you want the table to be stored in memory or actually in storage; you can kinda tell what it’s used for – Archiving? Have BDB (BerkleyDB) type features!!! Different types of engines are MyISAM, InnoDB, BDB, Memory, Merge, Archive, Federated, Cluster/NDB, Other – read more about each type in the links given below…
Moreover, you can implement any engine (MyOwnEngine) and plug that into MySQL – cool ha?
The best part is a story I heard from someone recently – a table was taking up around 1.5 GB – after converting it to Archive engine, it became 47MB!!! A 32 times reduction in space!!!
Yeah yeah yeah – I agree it depends on what sorta data was there in the first place – but still 32 times (3200% to put it differently ) is a lot man!!!
Read more at: Wikipedia An article about this from MySQL